Annual Report 2016
Country Reports


HE Mr Bernard Fautrier Government of Monaco

The OPTIMA PAC initiative is a research project that checks how well the existing demonstration projects in Monaco perform against three targets:

  • Offering an industrial range of sea water heat pumps compatible with sustainable development
  • Controlling environmental impacts
  • Optimising design and operation

Various buoys have been installed in partnership with the National Centre for Archiving Swell Measurements and the department of public works. Four types of data are measured: height, direction and frequency of waves and temperature of the water surface. Live data is available on the website:

This operation is mainly linked to Monaco’s six-hectare offshore extension project.